The number of alternatives can vary among items as long as all alternatives are plausible.
This essay was written with sole permission from the authors credited at the end. SinceKim and Marcelo have been involved in the conservation of the Sardinian Donkey.
A very special thank you is due these three for their help in writing this essay and in their tireless work in the promotion and preservation of the Miniature Donkey and its history. This work is a compilation of my own research as well as the research and input of others to whom I am deeply grateful.
I have tried to rely not on hearsay but factual evidence in order to create a more accurate account of the Miniature Donkey from the past to the present day.
What a gentle, humble and fascinating creature is the Miniature Donkey. After all these The ulysses mission essay, we remain in awe of their intelligence, their friendly nature and their comic ways. Many times I have wondered how these extraordinary animals came to be and eventually managed to find their way to our ranch.
But in order to understand their trip across the Atlantic, The ulysses mission essay is necessary to understand their arrival in their native home of Sardinia as well as elsewhere throughout Africa, the Mediterranean and Europe.
Toward that end, please join me in a journey of discovery that begins far back in time when donkeys first made their presence known to man. The domestication of the wild ass, as that of other animals, point to the turnaround of human civilization as we know it today.
The wild ass came to Europe from Africa. These wild asses that first crossed over fall into two categories…the Asiatic and the African Wild Ass. It is believed that the Asian ass split from the African group around 2 million years ago. Both of these subspecies are the most relevant to the domesticated donkey Equus Asinus and ultimately the Sardinian Donkey although we should not rule out the presence of other extinct subspecies in the domesticated donkey.
From the Nubian Wild Ass, the domesticated donkey inherited the pronounced dark stripe from withers to tail and across the withers and down the shoulders. From the Somali Wild Ass, the domesticated donkey inherited the very prominent leg stripes reminiscent of a Zebra.
A good Sardinian Donkey will have the distinctive dark cross clearly visible as well as the leg stripes or garters.
Additionally, true Sardinian Donkeys have a darker marking on the ears, the top of the tail and around the feet. It is important to note here that my reference to the Sardinian is intentional. We will discover later that there is ample evidence to suggest that the Miniature Donkey familiar to us today is descended from the Sardinian Donkey.
There were shrubs and trees where people used to hunt their game which included the wild ass. This fixes the donkey in an area of green grass and thorny scrub land and not a complete desert existence as was first thought. This picture of donkeys being hunted for meat changes at about B.
It is in this time period where there was a crossing of species and subspecies of asses in captivity. The Nubian Wild Ass would be traded and put to work where they would mix with the Somali type.
It is probable that the domestication of the donkey can be dated to B. It was then that the donkey was used not only in agriculture, but in the transportation of valuable goods which helped their dissipation and popularity across the continents.
With the introduction of the horse in Egypt, donkeys were displaced. But thanks to the Hebrews during their slavery under the Pharaohs of Egypt, the donkeys began their rise to importance.
As slaves, the Hebrews were not allowed to own horses but they could own and breed donkeys. According to Biblical history, it was on donkeys that Hebrews packed up their belongings and set out for the Red Sea toward the land that God had promised them in approximately B. Their journey under the leadership of Moses took 40 years through the desert.
It was donkeys that carried the Ark of the Covenant and the Tabernacle of Jehovah. It is natural then that the donkey would hold a sacred place in Hebrew as well as Christian tradition. In various moments in the life of Jesus, a donkey is by His side at birth, carrying Him as he escapes Egypt, carrying Him when he triumphantly entered Jerusalem at Passover, and most likely was at His crucifixion.
It was about this same time that the Sumerians pulled their war chariots with donkeys. The docile donkeys provided a good pack animal for their travels which could have taken years and required donkey changes along the route at various villages and towns for fresh healthy animals needed to complete their journey.
Because of this, there would have been much mixing of bloods, both accidentally and intentionally, between the different subspecies of donkeys that were found along the way. It is probable that the donkey reached Europe and Italy from Greece.
Greece had close ties with Alexandria in Egypt and the Greeks were great sailors and transporters of animals in the vessels of the day. The one civilization that really gave a boost to the popularity of the donkey in ancient times was the Romans and their conquest of a great part of Europe, Africa, Asia and the islands of the Mediterranean between B.
The Roman wagon was designed to be drawn by a team of four donkeys abreast and was extremely efficient in terms of the ratio of load carried to the combined weight of the team.
That efficiency far surpassed oxen and horses. Horses were used only in battle and to transport the royal and elite in more ceremonial carts and wagons.+ free ebooks online. Did you know that you can help us produce ebooks by proof-reading just one page a day? Go to: Distributed Proofreaders.
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Ulysses Essay: William Blake’s Influence on Joyce’s Ulysses The Ulysses Mission - The Ulysses spacecraft was first and only spacecraft designed and lunched to study the Sun from outside the lower solar latitudes.
All other space craft that studied the Sun .
From a general summary to chapter summaries to explanations of famous quotes, the SparkNotes Ulysses Study Guide has everything you need to ace quizzes, tests, and essays. Jennifer Weber is an Associate Professor of History (Ph.D. Princeton, ) at the University of Kansas.
Jennifer Weber specializes in the Civil War, especially the . I was recently in Burgos, Spain and saw the splendid cathedral there.
My first views of it came at night and I took the photo at the upper right. What a magnificent building; such proportion and symmetry! To me there is the echo of tall trees in a forest, majestically reaching up to the heavens.