Militarily speaking, the Spanish-American War of was so brief and relatively bloodless as to have been a mere passing episode in the history of modern warfare. Its political and diplomatic consequences, however, were enormous:
No one name has ever been agreed for the war that was fought in Ireland from until Commonly it has been referred to as the rebellion, the Confederate War or the Cromwellian War. But in fact these describe only parts of the conflict. The one term that unifies them is the contemporary Irish language term Cogadh na haon deag mbliana or the Eleven Years War.
The war of changed Ireland forever. The lack of an agreed-upon name signifies how poorly remembered and little understood this episode in Irish history is today. It was a confusing, multi-sided war, where allegiances shifted bewilderingly.
But this war was almost certainly the most destructive in Irish history, with the greatest loss of life and material destruction.
It also irrevocably changed the course of Irish history. Causes The Scots riot against the unpopular religious policies of Charles I. The desire of Catholic landowners to recover lost estates therefore contributed heavily to the outbreak of war in The long term causes of the war were colonisation and religious conflict in Ireland but the short term cause was the destabilisation of English politics.
The Kingdom of Ireland was Protestant but the majority of the native population was Catholic. Fromthe constituencies of the Irish Parliament were changed so that Protestants mostly settlers from England and Scotland would be a majority in it and it could pass anti-Catholic legislation.
Tensions came to a head in the early s for a number of reasons. The Scottish Parliament went into open rebellion inforcing Charles to recall the English Parliament to pay for war in Scotland. Charles also for a time acquiesced in plan by the Earl of Antrim to raise an army of Irish Catholics to put down the Scots.
The army was raised in Ulster but the plan was dropped amid furious opposition in England and some in Parliament advocated invading Ireland instead to head off what they saw as the Catholic threat. Later passed over in the Confederate Catholic command and eventually executed by the Parliamentarians in They planned to seize Dublin Castle and other strongpoints around the country and then to issue demands for free practice of the Catholic religion, equal rights for Catholics to hold public office and an end to land confiscations.
The plot failed and several conspirators were arrested in Dublin. Very quickly though, the rebellion of grew out of the control of its initial leaders. The rebellion saw massacres of both Protestant and Catholic civlians This pattern was followed around Ireland. In Leinster and Munster many Catholics joined the rebellion, some, especially the Old English, reluctantly after the English authorities appeared to blame all Catholics for it.
Expulsions and killings of Protestant civilians became widespread in late months of Perhaps 4, were killed directly and as many as 12, may have died in total of cold and disease after being driven from their homes.
The Portadown massacre in late in which several hundred Protestants were killed. At least as many Catholic civilians were also killed in the early months of the rebellion as the English and Scottish forces, based in Dublin, Cork and in Ulster where a Scottish army landed in early fought back, carrying out massacres of their own.
The rebellion and war in Ireland also inadvertently triggered civil war in England where the King and Parliament could not agree on who would command the army being raised to put down the rebellion in Ireland. In March the Royalists and Parliamentarians formally declared war on each other —with the Scots siding with the English Parliament.
This distraction enabled the hitherto disunited Catholic forces in Ireland to coalesce into something resembling a united movement.
In Mayon the initiative of the Catholic clergy, Irish Catholics formed what was in essence an Irish government at Kilkenny — the Confederate Catholic Association of Ireland — with an Executive — the Supreme Council — elected by a General Assembly, made up of of landowners and Catholic clergy.
In a ceasefire was concluded between the Royalists and the Confederates to facilitate negotiations. In an expedition of mostly Gaelic Irish troops under Alasdair MacColla was sent to Scotland to aid a royalist uprising there. Against these forces the Confederates, who by now were in control of most of central Ireland, continued to wage war.
Inthe Supreme Council of the Confederates concluded a Treaty — The Ormonde Peace — with the English Royalists — whereby in return for a general amnesty and tacit toleration for Catholicism, Irish troops would be shipped to England to fight for the King.
The Treaty however exposed deep divisions within the Confederates. Many other Confederates though — especially the Catholic clergy, urged on the Papal Nuncio Gianbattista Rinuccini, those of Gaelic Irish origin and those who had lost most land in the plantations, felt that the Treaty did not give enough concessions to the Catholic cause.
Rinuccini in particular pointed out that Charles I had effectively lost the war in England already by that point and that sending Irish Catholic troops there would be a vain sacrifice. They then hoped to launch an offensive and to dislodge the remaining Protestant strongholds in Ireland.
This military offensive was however an abysmal failure. Chastened, the Confederates sought a new peace deal with the Royalists, who were by this time planning to launch uprisings in England and Scotland to restore Charles I to his throne. Inthe Confederate signed the Second Ormonde Peace, which put their troops in Ireland under Royalist command — concretely under the Earl of Ormonde.Texas.
A Declaration of the Causes which Impel the State of Texas to Secede from the Federal Union. The government of the United States, by certain joint resolutions, bearing date the 1st day of March, in the year A.D.
, proposed to the Republic of Texas, then *a free, sovereign and independent nation* [emphasis in the original], the annexation of the latter to the former, as one of the co. World War One – Causes. World War One. Listen to the audio of this post here: The first world war began in August It was directly triggered by the assassination of the Austrian archduke, Franz Ferdinand and his wife, on 28th June by Bosnian revolutionary, Gavrilo Princip.
A Military HIstory of the United States in World War I. World War one was pretty much a domino-effect where one thing led to the other. Austria-Hungary decided that the death of their heir was directly the fault of the Serbian government and used the opportunity to declare war on Serbia. Kids learn about World War I including the countries, leaders, alliances, major battles, causes, trench warfare, and timeline.
The War to End All Wars was fought mostly in Europe between the Allies and the Central Powers. It was also called the Great War. 'A war to end all wars' The First World War was the first truly global conflict – the battle raged not just in the trenches of the Western Front but in Africa, the Middle East and Asia.
The Events That Caused The American Civil War Causes Of The Civil War Summary States' Rights The Missouri Compromise The Dred Scott Decision The Abolitioni.