The Great Patriotic War: Particularly during the long Cold War period Western readers were given an unfavourable impression of Soviet policies and actions prior to and during the Second World War. British and American commentators presented these policies as being cynical, treacherous and immoral.
The Allies were trying to force the Dardanelles but, as on the Western Front, at once become involved in trench warfare made additionally difficult by Turkish possession of the commanding hights. This success, which could have resulted in victory on Gallipoli, was not exploited or even supported and eventual retirement was inevitable.
Fierce fighting followed in which the three 6th Battalions were overwhelmed and almost wiped out, losing in all 41 officers and around one thousand five hundred men.
The survivors of the 6th Battalions then held a sector of the Suvla front in appalling weather until they were evacuated at the end of the year, among the last to leave being a detachment of the South Lancashires commanded by Captain Clement Attlee, the future Prime Minister.
They left Egypt in May for the Gallipoli campaign but returned the following January, together with the 11th East Lancashires from England and the three 6th Battalions.
The East Lancashire Territorials remained and took part in the desert campaign which, in Augustdefeated the advancing Turks at Romani. By January the two battalions had advanced across Sinai to El Arish on the Gulf of Aquaba, and it was from there that they were ordered to France.
Its new commander, Allenby, had been ordered to expel the Turks from Palestine and capture Jerusalem. The 2nd Loyal North Lancashires also joined this force, having spent a year in Egypt to recover from their campaign in East Africa.
Compared to other theatres of war, stalemate characterised this arduous campaign in mountainous Balkan terrain, with offensive operations largely confined to raids and patrolling. In December the 9th East Lancashires were in action at Kosturino and, on 13thth Septemberthe same battalion saw more serious fighting at Macukovo.
All three battalions took part in the first Doiran offensive, April-May For the best part of two years the battalions took their turn in trenches overlooked by the immensely strong fortified heights of Pip Ridge and Grand Couronne.
These were their objectives when the second battle of Doiran was launched in September The following day the East Lancashires made an equally heroic solitary assault, enfiladed by machine guns on both flanks.
Their sacrifice was not entirely in vain, for three days later the enemy abandoned their positions and on 29th September Bulgaria was the first of all the Central Powers to unconditionally surrender.
In November this force attempted to capture the port of Tanga, but though the Loyal North Lancashires fought their way into the town they were not well supported by unsteady Indian troops and were eventually obliged to withdraw.
An ignominious re-embarkation concluded this sorry debacle. As the only regular British battalion in theatre, the 2nd Loyals were the backbone of the defence and, in addition to its usual infantry role, the battalion manned an improvised artillery battery and found mounted infantry and machine gun companies.
The Loyals fought in many minor actions, including skirmishes around Lake Victoria and the operations which led to the capture, in Marchof the Kilimanjaro area.
But tropical diseases took a heavy toll of the battalion and in December it was transferred to the healthier climate of Egypt. The relief force made some progress up the River Tigris, capturing Turkish defensive lines at Hanna and Falahiya, but repeated and desperate assaults on very strong positions at Sanna-i-Yat failed with heavy casualties and Kut fell at the end of April.
A renewed British offensive astride the Tigris was launched in Decemberand the three 6th Battalions were heavily involved in fierce fighting to clear successive Turkish positions, including the Dahra and Shumran Bends.
The Lancashire battalions then earned immortal honour for their gallant assault crossing of the River Diyala, 7thth March, which led to the fall of Baghdad. Captain Oswald Reid of 6th Loyal North Lancashires earned a Victoria Cross on this occasion for the stand he made when isolated on the far bank for thirty hours.
This success was followed by an action at Dahuba on the 24th April and a fierce fight at Band-i-Adhaim on the 30th, when the Turks were again defeated. The three 6th Battalions subsequently took part in many successful minor actions to clear the Jabal Hamrin, and remained in Mesopotamia until the Turkish surrender.
It also saw our allies in profound difficulties, with mutinies in the French armies and revolution in Russia.
To distract attention from these events the British Army bore the brunt of the campaign and mounted a series of offensives. Arras On 9th April the British spring offensive was launched at Arras, penetrating successive German trench systems on Vimy Ridge and astride the River Scarpe with dramatic initial gains in ground and prisoners.
As usual, it proved difficult to turn this success into a break-through and the offensive dragged on until the end of May with little more to show than a mounting casualty bill. Six Lancashire battalions took part in the offensive — 8th East Lancashires and 10th Loyal North Lancashires advanced up the Arras-Cambrai road and then saw heavy fighting around Gavrelle, where 1st East Lancashires were also engaged, while 11th South Lancashires supported the attack further south.
In May the 11th East Lancashires joined the battle and subsequently, on 28th June, they took part in the successful assault on Oppy. Messines Seven Lancashire battalions were involved in the carefully-prepared victory of Messines.
The battle opened early on the morning of 7th June when eighteen British mines were exploded beneath the Messines Ridge and the attacking troops advanced up the slopes behind a creeping barrage. On the first day of the offensive 19th Division made a successful attack north of Wytschaete in which the 7th Battalions of the East Lancashires, South Lancashires and Loyal North Lancashires captured and held all their objectives with few casualties.
The plan went equally well further south along the ridge where 8th South Lancashires and 8th and 9th Loyal North Lancashires, all in 25th Division, also took their objectives with comparatively little loss. No fewer than 33 other gallantry medals were won on that day by the South Lancashires.
While two soldiers carefully keep watch over the parapet, the Sergeant in the foreground uses a mirror attached to the tip of his bayonet to observe no-man's-land without exposing himself to enemy snipers. Note the quick-release pop-button-fastened canvas cover protecting the working parts of his rifle.Set with 8 VJ air colors in 17Ml.
Developed to paint the various camouflage schemes of Soviet aircraft and their different color combinations, from the beginning of the "great patriotic war" in June until the year , turning point on the Eastern front.
RARE--The high CCCP -USSR Award --WW2 Era Order Soviet ORDER OF THE GREAT PATRIOTIC WAR 1st class in excellent condition.
Guaranteed to be ORIGINAl or your money back without questions!!! It has the crisp clear details. The term Great Patriotic War re-appeared in the Soviet newspaper Pravda on 23 June , just a day after Nazi Germany invaded the Soviet Union.
It was found in the title of "The Great Patriotic War of the Soviet People" (Velikaya Otechestvennaya Voyna Sovetskogo Naroda), a long article by Yemelyan Yaroslavsky, a member of Pravda editors' collegium.
Celebrate America with hours of classic "cartoons for Victory" from the war era. Characters include Bugs Bunny, Porky Pig, Daffy Duck, Popeye, Superman, Mr. Hook and Private Snafu (a character that Dr. Seuss help create). See funny military training cartoons by the Army and Navy which were used to educated soldiers.
Featuring Looney Tunes with remastered sound - great for the 4th of July! The Great Patriotic War: Nazi Germany vs. the Soviet Union is a fast-paced wargame that reproduces the circumstances, the events, and the forces that fought the fiercest war in history.
Using wargame techniques, The Great Patriotic War simulates the operations, battles, and conflicts of the war; wargame systems make it an enjoyable conflict. The Great Patriotic War (Russian: Вели́кая Оте́чественная война́, translit.
Velikaya Otechestvennaya voyna) (Ukrainian: Велика Вітчизняна війна) (Belarusian: Вялікая Айчынная вайна), is a term used in Russia and other former republics of the Soviet Union (except for .