Biography[ edit ] She was the only daughter of a Danish engineer, who died when she was two years old. The family was almost destitute for several years. Then, "encouraged by her mother and aware of her limited prospects without a good degree,"  she studied economic and agricultural development at the University of Copenhagen fromand obtained her degree in theoretical economics in As head of its planning office, she worked on studies involving the effects of subsidies on trade.
Kenya[ edit ] Polygynous marriage was preferred among the Logoli and other Abalulya sub ethnic groups. Taking additional wives was regarded as one of the fundamental indicators of a successfully established man. Large families enhanced the prestige of Logoli men.
Logoli men with large families were also capable of obtaining justice, as they would be feared by people, who would not dare to use force to take their livestock or other goods from them. Interviews with some of the contemporary Logoli men and women who recently made polygynous marriages yielded data which suggest that marrying another wife is usually approached with considerable thought and deliberation by the man.
A type of " surrogate pregnancy " arrangement was reported to have been observed, in which some wives who are unable to bear children, find fulfillment in the children and family provided The boserup thesis a husband taking additional wives.
Some of The boserup thesis young polygynous men indicated that they were trapped in polygyny because of the large number of single women who needed and were willing to take them as husbands although they were already married.
Most of those second and third wives were older women who had not yet married. Unlike those marriages recognised by Sharia, there is no limit to the number of legal wives allowed under customary law.
Currently polygyny is most common within royal and noble families within the country, and is largely practiced by the tribes native to its north and west.
Asia[ edit ] Many majority- Muslim countries retain the traditional shariawhich interprets teachings of the Quran to permit polygamy with up to four wives. Turkey and Tunisia are countries with overwhelmingly Muslim populations that enforce secularist practices by law.
In the 21st century, a revival of the practice of polygamy in the Muslim World has contributed to efforts to re-establish its legality and legitimacy in some countries and communities where it is illegal.
Proposals have been made to re-legalize polygamy in other ex-Soviet Muslim republics, such as KazakhstanAzerbaijan and Uzbekistan.
Both terms indicate the orthodox nature and hierarchy. The child of the concubine addressed the big mother as "aunt". This word was also used in both Korea and Japan. India[ edit ] Polygamy in India is, in general, prohibited and the vast majority of marriages are legally monogamous.
Polygyny among Christians was banned in the late 19th century, while The Hindu Marriage Act, banned polygyny for Hindus. Currently polygyny is only allowed among Muslims, but it is strongly discouraged by public policy.
Prevalence of polygyny in India is very low: This replaced a similar prohibition. Polygyny where wives are of equal status had always been illegal in China, and had been considered a crime in some dynasties.
Rich officials and merchants of the elite also took concubines in addition to legal wives.
The first wife was the head or mother wife; other wives were under her headship if the husband was away. Concubines had a lower status than full wives, generally not being seen in public with their husband and not having rights to decisions in the house.
However they were considered legitimate, therefore had many more rights to inheritance of status and wealth than illegitimate children conceived outside a marriage. Polygamy was de facto widely practiced in the Republic of China from tobefore Kuomintang was defeated in the Civil War and forced to escape to Ryukyu nowadays OkinawaFormosaand Pescadores.
Chinese men in Hong Kong could practice concubinage by virtue of the Qing Code. This ended with the passing of the Marriage Act of Kevin Murphy of the International Herald Tribune reported on the cross-border polygamy phenomenon in Hong Kong in An example is the Wuxia novel The Deer and the Cauldron by Hong Kong writer Louis Chain which the protagonist Wei Xiaobao has seven wives In new edition of the novel, Princess Jianning was assigned as the wife, while others are concubines.
Kyrgyzstan[ edit ] A proposal to decriminalize polygamy was heard by the Kyrgyz parliament. But, on March 26,parliament rejected the bill.A dowry is a transfer of parental property, gifts or money at the marriage of a daughter.
Dowry contrasts with the related concepts of bride price and heartoftexashop.com bride price or bride service is a payment by the groom or his family to the bride's parents, dowry is the wealth transferred from the bride's family to the groom or his family, ostensibly for the . Aug 23, · Ester boserup's theory of agrarian change sage journalsboserupian on population and the peak oil india.
In boserup's theory, agricultural methods depend on the size of population theory.
According to the Boserup Thesis, what two ways do subsistence farmers increase their supply of food? -intensification of the land usage -adoption of new and efficient farming methods.
Polygyny (/ p ə ˈ l ɪ dʒ ɪ n iː /; from Neoclassical Greek πολυγυνία from πολύ- poly-"many", and γυνή gyne "woman" or "wife") is the most common and accepted form of polygamy, entailing the marriage of a man with several heartoftexashop.com countries that permit polygamy are Muslim-majority countries in which polygyny is the only form permitted.
. A postulate by Danish economist Ester Boserup that agricultural methods depend on the size of the population.
The larger the world population grows, the more innovations are made to make feeding the expanding population possible. Unlike other agricultural development models, Boserup theory of agricultural development is also not free from criticism.
According to T.W.
Schultz, “Boserup thesis is in general wrong, This may be true only if we attempt to test its validity with regard to the modern underdeveloped countries.