Print by Barbara Trainin Blank Despite the decades that have passed since the beginning of the civil rights movement, racism is still a major issue in America. We still see organized hate groups, news stories of racial slurs and attacks, and examples that we observe in our everyday lives. So, what should social workers and the profession as a whole do about it? First, a definition is in order.
Lerche III We live in a world that is simultaneously shrinking and expanding, growing closer and farther apart National borders are increasingly irrelevant. And yet globalism is by no means triumphant. Tribalisms of all kinds flourish.
Irredentism abounds Attali, Because of the great increase in the traffic in culture, the large-scale transfer of meaning systems and symbolic forms, the world is increasingly becoming one not only in political and economic terms This, however, is no egalitarian global village Hannerz, The pace of global change is extremely rapid, and even those trained to track and analyze it have difficulty keeping up with new developments.
However, trends are regularly observed and named, and these new terms become "buzz words" in the lexicons of governments, academia and the media.
Such a term is globalization. All levels of society are being reshaped by this process: At the moment there is a serious contradiction between the fact that globalization is in full swing, and the fact that existing processes of global governance lack sufficient power, authority and scope to regulate and direct this process toward beneficial ends.
As a result globalization is often disruptive and inequitable in its effects. It has also posed new challenges for existing public institutions while at the same time weakening their autonomy and support; and, paradoxically, provided the means for those it excludes culturally or economically to organize against its subordinating and homogenizing force.
Many analysts have pointed to the turbulent nature of this planetary process and to the increasing frequency and variety of reactions to it.
Drawing on this literature, this paper first attempts to clarify various aspects of globalization and then considers its potential for generating social conflict and unrest.
Subsequently, human needs theory, as developed and applied by John Burton, is used to explore some of the roots of these conflicts and, finally, globalism is put forth as a positive, and potentially corrective, dimension of globalization.
A Closer Look Definitions There are a variety of definitions and descriptions of globalization, which, though overlapping in many respects, do emphasize different dimensions of the process. Globalization as a concept refers both to the compression of the world and intensification of consciousness of the world as a whole Globalization can thus be defined as the intensification of worldwide social relations which link distant localities in such a way that local happenings are shaped by events occurring many miles away and vice versa.
This is a dialectical process because such local happenings may move in an obverse direction from the very distanced relations that shape them. Local transformation is as much a part of globalisation as the lateral extension of social connections across time and space Giddens, However, it is in regard to business and economics that the term "globalization" is most frequently invoked.
What is referred to here is: The primary vehicles for this process have been the increasing transnationalization of production, and the resulting rise in influence of multinational enterprises, and even more importantly, the explosion in the volume and scope of transactions on international financial markets.
In this regard, consider the following commentary on contemporary change in the banking industry: Banking is rapidly becoming indifferent to the constraints of time, place and currency And one of its most often noted effects is the homogenization of consumer markets around the world, at least in certain areas--the so-called "McDonaldization" of global consumption.
Critiques Though often touted as representing the height of economic rationality, globalization has also been portrayed as having a very dark side. Critics repeatedly point out that the contemporary form of globalizationdriven by economic power, clearly promotes the hegemony of Western culture and corporations; puts jobs and communities at risk in the rich countries and exploits cheap labor in the poorer countries; increases threats to the environment; and undermines the foundations of democracy and social stability by subjecting national political institutions to forces of economic change beyond their control.
It produces concentrations and deprivations which, in the aggregate, constitute an increasingly well-defined global power structure. Claude Ake, a leading African critical thinker, has argued in this regard that: Economic forces are constituting the world into one economy and, to a lesser extent, one political society.
Nations participate in global governance according to their economic power, which is coextensive with their rights. Critics also argue that there is a neo-liberal ideology of globalization which serves to "normalize" the process - to make it seem natural, inevitable and beneficial.Diversity and Conflict Despite, or perhaps because of the often tangible rage seething beneath the surface and the danger it implies, USians have been becoming more and more conflict avoidant.
This makes sense in a national climate where disagreement quickly results in violence, verbal (stereotyping and name-calling), psychological .
Educational initiatives, mainly those that focus on interculturalism as a way of dealing with potential social conflict, have to be the central aspect when speaking about diversity.
This means that promoting intercultural education is a democratic vehicle for overcoming social conflicts among different cultural groups (Todd, ). Children of Color in the Child Welfare System: Perspectives from the Child Welfare Community: Children of Color in the Child Welfare System: Perspectives from the Child Welfare Community.
Foremost is the growing recognition of the complex nature of society and the child welfare system's response to it. Designed as a temporary . Companies need to embrace diversity and look for ways to become inclusive organizations because diversity has the potential to yield greater work productivity and competitive advantages (SHRM ).
Stephen Butler, co-chair of the Business-Higher Education Forum, believes diversity is an invaluable competitive asset (Robinson ). Resolving conflicts.
Solving problems is a part of startup culture. All companies have problems. How you acknowledge and address problems and account for power dynamics in reporting is a fundamental part of your company culture.
class in society has been criticised from a gender and diversity perspective, and the citizenship approach was redesigned to address the inclusion/exclusion of women and marginalised social groups in society (Kymlicka, ; Lister et al., ).