Meaning in social context through usage Source: Postcolonialism Postcolonialism has been defined as:
They apply these query terms to every phenomenon whether it is related to nature or human existence, whether it is the question formation of universe or it is about its end. From the medieval age till 21st century, many philosophers had adopted several theories with accordance to his time and belief to answer these questions.
As Dave Teague indicate that in medieval age which is spread over years AD European society was constituted upon collectivism, theistic and static values.
They believe to be living for God and their king, whatever happened was considered to be act of faith, old believes were practiced and thinking of anything beyond them was unacceptable by the society.
After AD due to the efforts of Francis Bacon the shift occurred from classical learning to employing scientific methods to discover reasons behind existence of things.
This provided new view for the thinkers to view phenomenon in wider perspectives and made them understand world and gave them chance to improve it, this age was termed as Renaissance which shifted the focus from collectivism to individualism.
It was further strengthened by Rene' Descartes who emphasized that everything's existence can be proved by doubting, its existence can be proved if doubt can no longer be proved. It was he who gave the concept of subject and object where individual is a subject who observe world as an object.
Further Dave writes that Enlightenment arose when human capabilities to reason and scientifically prove any incident was established, Isaac Newton form the bases of this when he discover his law of motions and law of gravity which he proved scientifically, so then people also started believing that nature has its laws which makes the entities to work systematic.
David Hume questioned the enlightenment concept by inquiring about the ability of individual to objectively comprehend reality.
Hume theory suggests that no person can figure out all the possibilities of occurrences such that no more exceptions could be possible. This is correct logically and even scientifically. Immanuel Kant answered it by giving the concept, in his work Critique of Pure Reason, of structuralism, which says that knowledge depend upon structure of mind and because we all possess same structure of mind we call perceive reality in the identical manner.
This originated another debate of whether the human perception matches up with reality or not? The emphasis of Kant was basically upon the structure of mind. He considers that we must focus on mind structure to know its functioning, its processes were ignored.
Later the focus shifted from structures to the processes for better understanding of human perception. This very question paved the way toward postmodernism, Friedrich Nietzsche rejected all previously existed theories and put forward a theory in which truth was considered nothing but an illusion.
He describes truth to be dependent on our perception and marked absolute truth as non-existing. Truth was said to be existing in linguistic context which is socially conditioned. According to Dave Introduction to Postmodernism philosophy Postmodernism emerged as the answers to two major questions, first being "How do I know the true interpretation of a text?
Second question was "Can language objectively describes truth?"Post Modern" embraces a period from about to the present, characterized by the emergence of the postindustrial information economy, replacing the previous classes of aristocracy, middle class, and working class with the new paradigm: information elite, middle class, and underclass.
Modernity, Modern Social Theory, and the Postmodern Critique* have called attention to overgeneralized and hyper-rational features of modern philosophy and The postmodern critique holds that virtually all modern social theory springs from Enlightenment faith in science and reason and.
Dec 12, · Both modernism and post modernism focus on Style, Social analysis, Cultural Context, Philosophy, Politics, Human experience, Machine aesthetics, and the constant transformation of the “New”.
An interesting fact of the Modernism and Postmodernism is the use of the psychology and philosophy themes 1. This essay explores theories about post-modernism by Clement Greenberg. The first is to review Greenberg’s modernism/post-modernism theory and its applicability to the photographic arts and the second is to determine the extent to which the listed photographers-artists subscribe to Greenberg’s theory.
Postmodern Philosophy – Anti-Realism and the Construction of Reality The concept of deconstruction in Postmodern philosophy is taken far beyond the area of literature.
Just as you, the reader, are creating the meaning of this text, you also construct the world according to your culture and experiences. Postmodernism Critique - Answering the Postmodern Challenge In this postmodernism critique, it is important to understand that postmodernism’s impact on Western culture is hotly debated, and various thinkers and writers—including those coming from a Christian worldview—have offered diverging opinions of it.