His parents were from peasant stock, but had high ambitions for their intelligent, eldest son.
Luther said that what differentiated him from previous reformers was that they attacked the life of the church, while he confronted its doctrine. Whereas they denounced the sins of churchmen, he was disillusioned by the whole scholastic scheme of redemption.
The church taught that… Luther began his education at a Latin school in Mansfeld in the spring of In Luther was sent to nearby Magdeburg to attend a school operated by the Brethren of the Common Lifea lay monastic order whose emphasis on personal piety apparently exerted a lasting influence on him.
In he matriculated at the University of Erfurt, at the time one of the most distinguished universities in Germany. The matriculation records describe him as in habendo, meaning that he was ineligible for financial aid, an indirect testimonial to the financial success of his father.
Luther took the customary course in the liberal arts and received the baccalaureate degree in In accordance with the wishes of his father, he commenced the study of law.
Less than six weeks later, however, on July 17,Luther abandoned the study of law and entered the monastery in Erfurt of the Order of the Hermits of St.
Augustinea mendicant order founded in His explanation for his abrupt change of heart was that a violent thunderstorm near the village of Stotternheim had terrified him to such a degree that he involuntarily vowed to become a monk if he survived. Because his vow was clearly made under duress, Luther could easily have ignored it; the fact that he did not indicates that the thunderstorm experience was only a catalyst for much deeper motivations.
The monastery Luther joined in Erfurt was part of the strict, observant faction. Two months after entering the monastery, on September 15,Luther made his general confession and was admitted into the community as a novice.
His spartan quarters consisted of an unheated cell furnished only with a table and chair. His daily activities were structured around the monastic rule and the observance of the canonical hours, which began at 2: In the fall ofhe was fully admitted to the order and began to prepare for his ordination to the priesthood.
He celebrated his first mass in May with a great deal of fear and trembling, according to his own recollection. Doctor of theology But Luther would not settle for the anonymous and routine existence of a monk.
In he began the study of theology at the University of Erfurt. Transferred to the Augustinian monastery at Wittenberg in the fall ofhe continued his studies at the university there. Because the university at Wittenberg was new it was founded inits degree requirements were fairly lenient.
Because he was transferred back to Erfurt in the fall ofhowever, the university at Wittenberg could not confer the degrees on him.
Luther then unabashedly petitioned the Erfurt faculty to confer the degrees.
His request, though unusual, was altogether proper, and in the end it was granted. His subsequent studies toward a doctoral degree in theology were interrupted, probably between the fall of and the spring ofby his assignment to represent the observant German Augustinian monasteries in Rome.
At issue was a papal decree by Pope Julius II that had administratively merged the observant and the nonobservant houses of the order. Soon after his return Luther transferred to the Wittenberg monastery to finish his studies at the university there.
He received his doctorate in the fall of and assumed the professorship in biblical studies, which was supplied by the Augustinian order. At the same time, his administrative responsibilities in the Wittenberg monastery and the Augustinian order increased, and he began to publish theological writings, such as the 97 theses entitled Disputation Against Scholastic Theology.
From all accounts Luther was a stimulating lecturer. One student reported that he was a man of middle stature, with a voice that combined sharpness in the enunciation of syllables and words, and softness in tone. He spoke neither too quickly nor too slowly, but at an even pace, without hesitation and very clearly.
Nor do the notes give any indication of a deep spiritual struggle, which Luther in later years associated with this period in his life.
Irritated by Johann Tetzela Dominican friar who was reported to have preached to the faithful that the purchase of a letter of indulgence entailed the forgiveness of sins, Luther drafted a set of propositions for the purpose of conducting an academic debate on indulgences at the university in Wittenberg.
Meanwhile, it began to be circulated in Germany, together with some explanatory publications by Luther. Johann Tetzel, engraving by N. Bruhl after a contemporary portrait. Thesis 86, for example, asks, Why does not the pope, whose wealth today is greater than the wealth of the richest Crassus, build the basilica of St.
Peter with his own money rather than with the money of poor believers? Scholars have disagreed about how early Luther began to formulate the theological positions that eventually caused him to part ways with the church.On October 31, , Martin Luther, an Augustinian monk turned professor, nailed to a door of the Church in Wittenberg, Germany a list of Ninety-five Theses or arguments.
This action set off a chain of events, called the "Protestant Reformation.". Martin Luther was a theology professor at the newly-established University of Wittenberg and had been spending a good deal of his time reading the Scriptures and writings of the early Christians, especially St.
Paul and St. Augustine. Apr 14, · A New Biography of Martin Luther Reveals the Life Beyond the Theses. “You can’t turn the sword into a feather, or make peace out of war: The Word of God is a .
Biography of Martin Luther Destroyer of countless things, this man of intense and energetic convictions represents, with his conception of man as an individual isolated from God, history and the world, one of the pillars on which the Modern Age is based. Martin Luther was a theology professor at the newly-established University of Wittenberg and had been spending a good deal of his time reading the Scriptures and writings of the early Christians, especially St.
Paul and St. Augustine. Martin Luther Biography Martin Luther Pioneered the Protestant Reformation. Share Flipboard Email Print Luther entered the Augustinian Order at Erfurt in less than a month's time, becoming an Augustinian friar.
When he began to teach as a professor of biblical theology at the University of Wittenburg, his new found enthusiasm began to.